This article will help you better understand brain injury and more about a diagnosis of traumatic brain injury, sometimes called TBI, for short. Traumatic brain injuries are those caused by a blow to the head or from violent movement of the head. For example, it can be caused by striking the head against a car windshield, could be related to a fall and striking the head, related to a military explosion. A person does not have to have an open head wound, a skull fracture, or even a loss of consciousness to sustain a traumatic brain injury.
No two people are alike and no two brain injuries are alike. Doctors classify traumatic brain injuries as mild, moderate or severe, depending on the initial length of loss of consciousness and post traumatic memory loss. There are overlaps in the symptoms of each of these classifications. The terms mild, moderate and severe may not correlate or describe the expected outcomes in a person’s life.
A mild traumatic brain injury occurs when the patient initially loses consciousness for 15 minutes or less. If they have any memory loss about the trauma event, or they feel dazed and disorientated or confused, it’s often called a concussion. The majority of traumatic brain injuries are initially rated as mild.
Moderate traumatic brain injuries include a loss of consciousness from 15 minutes to a few hours, followed by a few days to few weeks of confusion.
Severe traumatic brain injuries affect less than 10% of patients and involve a loss of consciousness for 6 hours or longer after injury or after a period of clarity. People who remain unconsciousness for a very long time may be in a coma or a minimally conscious state.
Physical symptoms of traumatic brain injury can include:
- Difficulty coordinating balance
- Blurred vision
- Trouble speaking and swallowing
- Lack of bowel and bladder control
People with traumatic brain injury may have trouble moving their body normally. Doctors call this motor impairment. The person may have seizures, vision problems, and changes in sensory perceptions and sleep patterns. Persons with traumatic brain injury can have personality changes, trouble communicating, and memory issues. They may also be depressed and disorientated, have mood swings, be forgetful, and have difficulty forming sentences or choosing vocabulary. After a brain injury, conversation with your loved one may be difficult. He or she may have poor concentration, a limited attention span, or difficulty remembering what was said. As a loved one of a patient with a traumatic brain injury, it is a good idea to adapt to these changes by developing coping skills and finding resources for support.
Need practical advice in dealing with the injury and the consequences to your loved one and your family? The LaBovick Law Group is here to help. We have been through several catastrophic brain injury cases and can offer the support and advice you need. Contact one of our Florida Brain Injury Lawyer today.